World Population Day
We have often heard from our parents and grandparents that they had many brothers and sisters grew up in a united family. Each couple had many children. At that time occupation of the people was simple, and so was the cost of living. Slowly as we progressed, humans started to fill up all spaces. The growing number of people required more and more space to live, need for more space lead to cutting down of the forest due to that ecological balance is disturbed. The increasing number of people also meant an increase in automobiles, this led to air pollution. The only way to restore things in nature was to control population growth.
World Population Day is an annual event, celeberated on 11th July every year, which seeks to raise awareness of global population issues. The event was established by the Governing Council of the United Nations Development Programme in 1989. World Population Day aims to increase people’s awareness about various population issues such as the importance of family planning, gender equality, poverty, maternal health, and human rights. World Population Day is a global observance and not a public holiday.
Due to over population world is facing the following problems-
The discrepancy in Eco Balance: Human beings cut down the forest to make more space for living. This disturbs the ecological balance. Discrepancies occur in nature. Nature is unable to balance the ecosystem. Therefore, we had to face natural calamities like Tsunami, Floods, Earthquakes, Raise in the water levels in Oceans, Global warming etc.,
Gender Inequality: Men and Women are equals. But over the years, society has become more patriarchal, and women have lost their importance. We see that in many parts of the world, a girl child is killed at its birth. This has led to a massive difference in the ratio of girls and boys.
Poverty: Due to over population poverty is also increasing .Job opportunity was less and it was not matching with population. As a result of this, many people find it very difficult to earn a living for themselves and their families.
Natural resources exhaustion: Overpopulation means overuse of natural resources and thus resulting in the resource exhaustion
Global warming: Global warming means a drastic increase of heat on the globe. Global warming happened when we cut down our forest area, Exhausted the underground water, an increase of carbon dioxide in the air etc. Increase in global temperature results in the melting of ice, and thus there will be a raise in Seawater levels.
Extinction of Wild Life: Due to the rise in the human population, we are cutting down the forests to make more space for living. The wild animals living in the woods have lost their homes. As a result of this, many of the species of wildlife is getting extinct.
Why we Celebrate World Population Day
International population day is observed to confirm the human rights to plan for a family. It encourages activities, events and information to help make this right a reality throughout the world. The day is celebrated worldwide by business groups, communities, Organisations, NGOs, Social welfare organizations and individuals in many ways. Activities include seminar discussions, educational information sessions, painting and essay competitions, Letting people know about the population control programs announced by the Government and Child Adoption, how adopting a child also completes the family
Let us make an effort positively towards reducing the world population by supporting the initiatives taken by the United Nations. Participation in the action taken by the social welfare associations at local, National and International level is also essential.