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International Tiger Day.

The world International Tiger Day is celebrated across the world on 29th July to raise awareness about the decreasing number of striped cats, who are on the edge of disappearance, and to encourage tiger conservation. International Tiger Day was created in 2010 at Saint Petersburg Tiger Summit in Russia. This year is the tenth International Tiger Day. Around 3,900 tigers remain in the world. Out of which 75% of tigers are found in India. This was observed that tigers are increasing at a rate of 6 per cent per annum in India from 2006 to 2018. Previously, there were nine tiger reserves when Project Tiger started. Now, India has 50 tiger reserves.

Some interesting facts about tigers:
  • There were eight tiger subspecies at one time: These subspecies are the Bengal tiger, South China tiger, Indochinese tiger, Sumatran tiger and Siberian tiger. The three subspecies of tiger that have become extinct are – the Caspian, Bali and Javan
  • Tigers are a keystone species: They’re integral to the health of the ecosystems in which they live. As apex predators, they keep prey species under control. This protects the vegetation, which in turn maintains the integrity of streams, forests and croplands that provide people around the world with clean air, water, food and financial benefits.
  • No two tigers have the same stripes. Like human fingerprints, their stripe patterns are unique to each individual.
  • Tigers are generally night-time hunters, but also opportunists: Their night vision is up to six-times greater than a human’s. But they’re also opportunists, which mean they won’t pass up the chance for a daytime snack when it’s available.

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