The festival of Valmiki Jayanti is recognized as the birth anniversary of Maharishi Valmiki. According to the Hindu calendar, it falls on the full moon day of the month of Ashwin, Also referred to as Pragat Diwas; Valmiki Jayanti will be celebrated on 31st October (Saturday) this year.
His name formerly was Ratnakara. During his early life, he had used to rob people. There was a drastic change in his life when he met Narad Muni, who had been a Hindu messenger. He began following Lord Rama and spent several years meditating. One fine day his apology has been pronounced optimistic by a heavenly speech. He was renamed Valmiki. He was later revered as Adi Kavi for being the first poet of Sanskrit Literature. His works, especially the great epic Ramayana, are recited to date by the Hindu devotees.
Valmiki Jayanti is celebrated with great passion in the northern parts of India, particularly by the Hindu devotees. On this day, people take part in great processions called Shobha Yatras and parade the symbol of a priest dressed in saffron-colored fine clothes with trail and paper in his hands, through the streets of the Valmiki territory, accompanied by respectful singing. The temples of the sage are decorated with flowers and lights, and the devotees offer eatables and recite prayers.